This document describes how to migrate data using Liquibase with YugabyteDB.

Prerequisites

Before you can start using Liquibase, ensure that you have the following installed and configured:

  • JDK version 8 or later.

  • YugabyteDB version 2.6 (see Quick Start).

To check the status, execute the following command:

./bin/yugabyted status
  • Liquibase (see Download Liquibase). For information on how to extract the package and configure Liquibase, see Configuring Liquibase.

  • Liquibase-YugabyteDB extension JAR (access liquibase-yugabytedb repository and download the latest liquibase-yugabytedb-.jar). The driver must be located in the /lib sub-directory of the directory to which you extracted Liquibase.

  • PostgreSQL JDBC driver (see Download PostgreSQL JDBC driver). The driver must be located in the /lib sub-directory of the directory to which you extracted Liquibase.

Configuring Liquibase

You configure Liquibase as follows:

  • Extract the .tar file into a new directory by executing the following command:

    tar -xvf liquibase-<version>.tar.gz
    
  • Add the Liquibase path as an environment variable on your local computer by executing the following command:

    echo "export PATH=$PATH:/<full-path>/liquibase-<version>" >> ~/.bash_profile
    
    source ~/.bash_profile
    

    If your terminal does not run .bash_profile on startup, you can append the Liquibase path to the PATH definition in .bashrc or .profile.

  • Verify the installation by executing the following command:

    liquibase --version
    
  • Create a changelog file called master-changelog.xml by executing the following command:

    touch master-changelog.xml
    

    Liquibase uses this file to perform changes on the database schema. This file contains a list of instructions (changesets) that are executed against the database. Note that currently, the following changesets are not supported by Yugabyte: addUniqueConstraint, alterSequence, dropPrimaryKey, dropUniqueConstraint, renameSequence; in addition, Liquibase Pro changesets have not been tested against YugabyteDB.


    Changelog files can be created as .xml, .sql, .yaml, .json.



    Add the following code to the master-changelog.xml file:

    <?xml version="1.1" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>
    
    <databaseChangeLog xmlns="http://www.liquibase.org/xml/ns/dbchangelog" xmlns:ext="http://www.liquibase.org/xml/ns/dbchangelog-ext" xmlns:pro="http://www.liquibase.org/xml/ns/pro" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.liquibase.org/xml/ns/dbchangelog-ext http://www.liquibase.org/xml/ns/dbchangelog/dbchangelog-ext.xsd http://www.liquibase.org/xml/ns/pro http://www.liquibase.org/xml/ns/pro/liquibase-pro-4.1.xsd http://www.liquibase.org/xml/ns/dbchangelog http://www.liquibase.org/xml/ns/dbchangelog/dbchangelog-4.1.xsd">
    
      <changeSet author="abc" id="1">
        <createTable tableName="actor">
          <column autoIncrement="true" name="id" type="INTEGER">
            <constraints nullable="false" primaryKey="true" primaryKeyName="actor_pkey"/>
          </column>
          <column name="firstname" type="VARCHAR(255)"/>
          <column name="lastname" type="VARCHAR(255)"/>
          <column name="twitter" type="VARCHAR(15)"/>
        </createTable>
      </changeSet>
    
    </databaseChangeLog>
    
  • In the same directory where you created the master-changelog.xml file, create a file called liquibase.properties by executing the following command:

    touch liquibase.properties
    

    Add the following to the liquibase.properties file:

    changeLogFile:master-changelog.xml
    url: jdbc:postgresql://localhost:5433/yugabyte
    username: yugabyte
    password: yugabyte
    classpath: <relative-path-to-postgres-jar>/postgresql-42.2.8.jar:<relative-path-to-liquibase-yugabytedb-<version>-jar>/liquibase-yugabytedb-<version>.jar
    

    Defining the classpath is necessary if you have placed the JAR files in a folder other than /lib. For more information, see Creating and configuring the liquibase.properties file.


    When using the YugabyteDB on-premises and specifying the URL, enter your IP address or host name, and then include the port followed by the database name, as per the following format:

    jdbc:postgresql://<IP_OR_HOSTNAME>:<PORT>/<DATABASE>
    

    When specifying the classpath for the PostgreSQL driver, esure that the version matches the version of the downloaded driver.
    The default username and password is yugabyte.

Using Liquibase

You can run Liquibase to perform migration by executing the following command:

liquibase update

Optionally, you may run a different changelog than the one provided in the liquibase.properties file by using the following command:

liquibase --changeLogFile=different_changelog.xml update

Upon successful migration, the following is displayed :

img

After migration of the first changelog, among other artifacts Liquibase creates a databasechangelog table within the database. This table keeps a detailed track of all the changesets that have been successfully completed.