Build a PHP application

Client driver: php-pgsql

The following tutorial shows a small PHP application that connects to a YugabyteDB cluster using the php-pgsql driver and performs basic SQL operations. Use the application as a template to get started with YugabyteDB Managed in PHP.


  • PHP runtime. The sample application was created using PHP 8.1 but should work with earlier and later versions. Homebrew users on macOS can install PHP using brew install php.
  • php-pgsql driver.
    • On macOS, Homebrew automatically installs the driver with brew install php.
    • Ubuntu users can install the driver using the sudo apt-get install php-pgsql command.
    • CentOS users can install the driver using the sudo yum install php-pgsql command.

Clone the application from GitHub

Clone the sample application to your computer:

git clone && cd yugabyte-simple-php-app

Provide connection parameters

If your cluster is running on YugabyteDB Managed, you need to modify the connection parameters so that the application can establish a connection to the YugabyteDB cluster. (You can skip this step if your cluster is running locally and listening on

To do this:

  1. Open the sample-app.php file.

  2. Set the following configuration-related constants:

    • HOST - the host name of your YugabyteDB cluster. For local clusters, use the default ( For YugabyteDB Managed, select your cluster on the Clusters page, and click Settings. The host is displayed under Connection Parameters.
    • PORT - the port number for the driver to use (the default YugabyteDB YSQL port is 5433).
    • DB_NAME - the name of the database to connect to (the default is yugabyte).
    • USER and PASSWORD - the username and password for the YugabyteDB database. For local clusters, use the defaults (yugabyte and yugabyte). For YugabyteDB Managed, use the credentials in the credentials file you downloaded.
    • SSL_MODE - the SSL mode to use. YugabyteDB Managed requires SSL connections; use verify-full.
    • SSL_ROOT_CERT - the full path to the YugabyteDB Managed cluster CA certificate.
  3. Save the file.

Run the application

Run the application.

$ php sample-app.php

You should see output similar to the following:

>>>> Successfully connected to YugabyteDB!
>>>> Successfully created table DemoAccount.
>>>> Selecting accounts:
name = Jessica, age = 28, country = USA, balance = 10000
name = John, age = 28, country = Canada, balance = 9000
>>>> Transferred 800 between accounts.
>>>> Selecting accounts:
name = Jessica, age = 28, country = USA, balance = 9200
name = John, age = 28, country = Canada, balance = 9800

You have successfully executed a basic PHP application that works with YugabyteDB Managed.

Explore the application logic

Open the sample-app.php file in the yugabyte-simple-php-app folder to review the methods.


The connect method establishes a connection with your cluster via the php-pgsql driver.

$conn = new PDO('pgsql:host=' . HOST . ';port=' . PORT . ';dbname=' . DB_NAME .
                ';sslmode=' . SSL_MODE . ';sslrootcert=' . SSL_ROOT_CERT,
                USER, PASSWORD,
                array(PDO::ATTR_ERRMODE => PDO::ERRMODE_EXCEPTION,
                        PDO::ATTR_EMULATE_PREPARES => true,
                        PDO::ATTR_PERSISTENT => true));


The create_database method uses PostgreSQL-compliant DDL commands to create a sample database.

$conn->exec('DROP TABLE IF EXISTS DemoAccount');

$conn->exec('CREATE TABLE DemoAccount (
                id int PRIMARY KEY,
                name varchar,
                age int,
                country varchar,
                balance int)');

$conn->exec("INSERT INTO DemoAccount VALUES
                (1, 'Jessica', 28, 'USA', 10000),
                (2, 'John', 28, 'Canada', 9000)");


The select_accounts method queries your distributed data using the SQL SELECT statement.

$query = 'SELECT name, age, country, balance FROM DemoAccount';

foreach ($conn->query($query) as $row) {
    print 'name=' . $row['name'] . ', age=' . $row['age'] . ', country=' . $row['country'] . ', balance=' . $row['balance'] . "\n";


The transfer_money_between_accounts method updates your data consistently with distributed transactions.

try {
    $conn->exec("UPDATE DemoAccount SET balance = balance - " . $amount . " WHERE name = 'Jessica'");
    $conn->exec("UPDATE DemoAccount SET balance = balance + " . $amount . " WHERE name = 'John'");
    print ">>>> Transferred " . $amount . " between accounts\n";
} catch (PDOException $e) {
    if ($e->getCode() == '40001') {
        print "The operation is aborted due to a concurrent transaction that is modifying the same set of rows.
                Consider adding retry logic for production-grade applications.\n";

    throw $e;

Learn more

php-pgsql driver