Use an ORM

Laravel ORM support for YugabyteDB

Laravel is a PHP web application framework. Along with many features required for web development, Laravel includes Eloquent ORM which provides a robust database ORM.

YugabyteDB YSQL API has full compatibility with Laravel's Eloquent ORM for data persistence in PHP applications.

Learn the basic steps required for connecting to the YugabyteDB database using Laravel framework. The full working application can be found on the PHP ORM example application page.

Step 1: Create a Laravel project

composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel yb-laravel-example

Note: Review the prerequisites for working with a Laravel project.

Step 2: Configure the datasource in Laravel project

Update the .env file in the yb-laravel-example directory to configure the Laravel project to connect to the YugabyteDB cluster as follows:


Given YSQL's compatibility with the PostgreSQL language, the DB_CONNECTION property is set to pgsql.

Note: This step assumes that YugabyteDB database is running at

Step 3: Generate the Employees Model class

Eloquent ORM works with database tables using the Model classes.

In the yb-laravel-example directory, create a new model class Employees using the following command:

php artisan make:model Employees  --migration

This command generates model classes in the app\Models directory and migration classes in the database\migrations directory respectively.

Update the database\migrations\xxxx_create_employees_table.php file to define the employees table.

    public function up()
        Schema::create('employees', function (Blueprint $table) {

Update the app\Models\Employees.php file to map the columns of the Employees table.

class Employees extends Model
    public $timestamps = false;
    use HasFactory;

    protected $fillable = [

Step 4: Create a seeder for Employees table

Laravel provides the ability to load a table with data using seed and Eloquent Factories. Create the files required for seeding the Employees model as follows:

php artisan make:factory EmployeesFactory
php artisan make:seeder EmployeesSeeder

The EmployeesFactory.php file is generated in the database\factories directory and the EmployeesSeeder.php file is generated in the database\seeders directory.

Add the following code to load 10 dummy employees into the Employees table:

class EmployeesFactory extends Factory
     * Define the model's default state.
     * @return array
    public function definition()
        return [
            'name' => $this->faker->name(),
            'age' => $this->faker->randomNumber(2),
            'email' => $this->faker->unique()->safeEmail,
class EmployeesSeeder extends Seeder
     * Run the database seeds.
     * @return void
    public function run()

Step 5: Apply the migrations and seed the table

Laravel provides a way to apply the DDLs against the database using Migrations. The database migrations are generated in the database\migrations directory.

Run the following command to create and seed the Employees table in YugabyteDB:

php artisan migrate:fresh
php artisan db:seed --class=EmployeesSeeder

Step 6: Create a controller for enabling CRUD for Employees model

Laravel supports automatically generating the controller required for a given model.

php artisan make:resource EmployeesResource
php artisan make:resource EmployeesCollection
php artisan make:controller EmployeesController

EmployeesController.php is generated in the app/Http/Controllers directory. Add the following content to the controller file:


namespace App\Http\Controllers;

use App\Models\Employees;
use Illuminate\Http\Request;

class EmployeesController extends Controller
    public function index()
        return Employees::all();
    public function show($id)
        return Employees::find($id);

    public function store(Request $request)
        return Employees::create($request->all());

    public function update(Request $request, $id)
        $article = Employees::findOrFail($id);

        return $article;

    public function delete(Request $request, $id)
        $article = Employees::findOrFail($id);

        return 204;

Add the following code to the routes\api.php file to enable HTTP access for performing CRUD against the Employees table:

Route::get('/employees', function () {
    return EmployeesResource::collection(Employees::all());

Route::post('/employees', [EmployeesController::class, 'store']);

Run the project

Laravel provides an embedded web server to handle the HTTP request. Start the application using the following command:

php artisan serve

Create an employee using a POST request.

curl -X POST http://localhost:8000/api/employees \
-H "Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded" \
-d "name=yugadev&age=25&"

Check the database for the new employee:

yugabyte=# select * from employees where name='yugadev';
 id  |  name   | age |        email
 201 | yugadev |  25 |
(1 row)

Get the details of all the Employees using a GET request.

curl  -v -X GET http://localhost:8000/api/employees