Open source Kubernetes

Create and manage a YugabyteDB cluster with a Kubernetes native custom resource

The custom resource definition and other necessary specifications are available in YugabyteDB operator repository. In addition, you may consult the full list of configuration flags.


Clone the yugabyte-operator repository on your local computer and change directory to the cloned directory.

Deploy a YugabyteDB cluster with the operator

To create a YugabyteDB cluster, first you need to register the custom resource that would represent YugabyteDB cluster:

kubectl create -f deploy/crds/yugabyte.com_ybclusters_crd.yaml

Create and set up role-based access control (RBAC) for the operator by running the following command from root of the repository:

kubectl create -f deploy/operator.yaml

After a few seconds the operator should be running. Verify the operator status by running following command:

kubectl -n yb-operator get po,deployment

Finally, create an instance of the custom resource with which the operator would create a YugabyteDB cluster, as follows:

kubectl create -f deploy/crds/yugabyte.com_v1alpha1_ybcluster_cr.yaml

Verify that the cluster is running using the following command:

kubectl get po,sts,svc

You should see three pods each for YB-Master and YB-TServer services.

Once the cluster is running, you may start the YSQL API and start executing relational queries:

kubectl exec -it yb-tserver-0 -- ysqlsh -h yb-tserver-0 --echo-queries

You can also connect to the YCQL API, as follow:

kubectl exec -it yb-tserver-0 -- ycqlsh yb-tserver-0

Configuration flags

There is a number configuration flags involved.


Mention YugabyteDB Docker image attributes such as repository, tag and pullPolicy under image.

Replication factor

Specify the required data replication factor. This is a required field.


Optionally, enable TLS encryption for YugabyteDB. It is disabled by default. You can enable the TLS encryption with three flags. If you have set enabled to true, then you need to generate the root certificate and key. Specify them under rootCA.cert and rootCA.key. Refer to Create server certificates for more information.

YB-Master and YB-TServer

YB-Master and YB-TServer are two essential components of a YugabyteDB cluster. YB-Master is responsible for recording and maintaining system metadata and for administration activities. YB-TServer is responsible for data input and output.

Specify YB-Master and YB-TServer attributes under master/tserver. These are required fields.


Specify count of pods for master and tserver under the replicas field. This is a required field.

Network ports

Control network configuration for YB-Master and YB-TServer, each of which only supports attributes of the selected port.

These are optional fields, except tserver.tserverUIPort, so there are default values for each port. If any or all of the acceptable field definitions are absent, the default network configuration is used.

A ClusterIP service is created when the tserver.tserverUIPort port is specified. If it is not specified, only StatefulSet and headless service are created for YB-TServer; the ClusterIP service creation is skipped. For YB-Master, all three Kubernetes objects are always created.

If master.enableLoadBalancer is set to true, then master UI service is of type LoadBalancer. The YB-TServer UI service is of type LoadBalancer, if tserver.tserverUIPort is specified and tserver.enableLoadBalancer is set to true. tserver.enableLoadBalancer is ignored if tserver.tserverUIPort is not specified.

The following table lists acceptable port names, applicable component (YB-Master or YB-TServer), and port default values:

Attribute Component Default Value
masterUIPort Master 7000
masterRPCPort Master 7100
tserverUIPort TServer NA
tserverRPCPort TServer 9100
ycqlPort TServer 9042
yedisPort TServer 6379
ysqlPort TServer 5433


Specify pod management policy for Statefulsets created as part of a YugabyteDB cluster. Valid values are Parallel and OrderedReady, with Parallel being the default value.


Specify storage configurations, namely storage count, size, and storageClass of volumes. Typically, one volume per YB-Master instance is sufficient, hence YB-Master has a default storage count of 1. If the storage class is not specified, it defaults to standard. Make sure the Kubernetes admin has defined thestandard storage class, before leaving this field out.


Specify resource requests and limits under the resources attribute. The resources to be specified are cpu and memory. The resource property in itself is optional and is not applied to created StatefulSets, if omitted. You may also specify either resource.requests or resource.limits, or both.


Specify flags for additional control of the YugabyteDB cluster. For more information, see YB-Master flags and YB-TServer flags.

If you have enabled TLS encryption, then you can set the following flags:

  • use_node_to_node_encryption flag to enable node-to-node encryption.
  • allow_insecure_connections flag to specify if insecure connections are allowed when TLS is enabled.
  • use_client_to_server_encryption flag to enable client-to-node encryption.