Connect an application

The PostgreSQL JDBC driver is the official JDBC driver for PostgreSQL, and can be used for connecting to YugabyteDB YSQL. YSQL has full compatibility with the PostgreSQL JDBC Driver, and allows Java programmers to connect to YugabyteDB databases to execute DMLs and DDLs using the standard JDBC APIs.

For Java applications, the JDBC driver provides database connectivity through the standard JDBC application program interface (APIs) available on the Java platform.

CRUD operations

The following sections demonstrate how to perform common tasks required for Java application development.

To start building your application, make sure you have met the prerequisites.

If you're building the application with SSL, do the following additional steps:

Step 1: Set up the client dependency

PostgreSQL JDBC Drivers are available as a maven dependency, and you can download the driver by adding the following dependency to the Java project.

Maven dependency

If you are using Maven, add the following to your pom.xml of your project.

<!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.postgresql/postgresql -->
<dependency>
  <groupId>org.postgresql</groupId>
  <artifactId>postgresql</artifactId>
  <version>42.2.14</version>
</dependency>

Gradle dependency

If you are using Gradle, add the following dependencies to your build.gradle file:

// https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.postgresql/postgresql
implementation 'org.postgresql:postgresql:42.2.14'

Install the added dependency using mvn install.

Step 2: Set up the database connection

After setting up the dependencies, implement a Java client application that uses the PostgreSQL JDBC driver to connect to your YugabyteDB cluster and run a query on the sample data.

Java applications can connect to and query the YugabyteDB database using the java.sql.DriverManager class. The java.sql.* package includes all the JDBC interfaces required for working with YugabyteDB.

Use the DriverManager.getConnection method to create a connection object for the YugabyteDB Database. This can be used to perform DDLs and DMLs against the database.

JDBC parameter Description Default
hostname Hostname of the YugabyteDB instance localhost
port Listen port for YSQL 5433
database Database name yugabyte
user User connecting to the database yugabyte
password User password yugabyte

Following is the PostgreSQL JDBC URL format for connecting to YugabyteDB:

jdbc:postgresql://hostname:port/database

Following is an example JDBC URL for connecting to YugabyteDB:

Connection conn = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:postgresql://localhost:5433/yugabyte","yugabyte", "yugabyte");

Use SSL

The following table describes the connection parameters required to connect using SSL.

JDBC parameter Description Default
ssl Enable SSL client connection false
sslmode SSL mode require
sslrootcert Path to the root certificate on your computer ~/.postgresql/

The following is an example JDBC URL for connecting to a YugabyteDB cluster with SSL encryption enabled.

string yburl = "jdbc:postgresql://hostname:port/database?user=yugabyte&password=yugabyte&ssl=true&sslmode=verify-full&sslrootcert=~/.postgresql/root.crt"
Connection conn = DriverManager.getConnection(yburl);

If you created a cluster on YugabyteDB Managed, use the cluster credentials and download the SSL Root certificate.

Step 3: Write your application

Create a new Java class called QuickStartApp.java in the base package directory of your project as follows:

touch ./src/main/java/com/yugabyte/QuickStartApp.java

Copy the following code to set up a YugabyteDB table and query the table contents from the Java client. Be sure to replace the connection string yburl with credentials of your cluster and SSL certificate if required.

package com.yugabyte;

import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.sql.Statement;
import java.sql.ResultSet;

public class QuickStartApp {
  public static void main(String[] args) throws ClassNotFoundException, SQLException {
    Class.forName("org.postgresql.Driver");
    String yburl = "jdbc:postgresql://localhost:5433/yugabyte", "yugabyte", "yugabyte";
    Connection conn = DriverManager.getConnection(yburl);
    Statement stmt = conn.createStatement();
    try {
        System.out.println("Connected to the PostgreSQL server successfully.");
        stmt.execute("DROP TABLE IF EXISTS employee");
        stmt.execute("CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS employee" +
                    "  (id int primary key, name varchar, age int, language text)");
        System.out.println("Created table employee");

        String insertStr = "INSERT INTO employee VALUES (1, 'John', 35, 'Java')";
        stmt.execute(insertStr);
        System.out.println("EXEC: " + insertStr);

        ResultSet rs = stmt.executeQuery("select * from employee");
        while (rs.next()) {
          System.out.println(String.format("Query returned: name = %s, age = %s, language = %s",
                                          rs.getString(2), rs.getString(3), rs.getString(4)));
        }
    } catch (SQLException e) {
      System.err.println(e.getMessage());
    }
  }
}

If you're using SSL, replace the connection string yburl with the following code:

String yburl = "jdbc:postgresql://localhost:5433/yugabyte?ssl=true&sslmode=require&sslcert=src/main/resources/ssl/yugabytedb.crt.der&sslkey=src/main/resources/ssl/yugabytedb.key.pk8", "yugabyte", "yugabyte";

Run the project QuickStartApp.java using the following command:

mvn -q package exec:java -DskipTests -Dexec.mainClass=com.yugabyte.QuickStartApp

You should see output similar to the following:

Connected to the YugabyteDB Cluster successfully.
Created table employee
Inserted data: INSERT INTO employee (id, name, age, language) VALUES (1, 'John', 35, 'Java');
Query returned: name=John, age=35, language: Java

If there is no output or you get an error, verify that the connection string in your Java class has the correct parameters.

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